Can Birds Eat Gingerbread Houses? Not In The Way You Think!

Birds should not eat gingerbread houses. Small pieces of gingerbread can pose a choking hazard for birds.

The high sugar and fat content of gingerbread houses can lead to weight gain and obesity in birds, which can cause health problems. Moreover, the artificial colors and flavors used in gingerbread houses can be harmful to birds’ health. 

As a result, it is best to avoid feeding gingerbread houses to birds and opt for healthier alternatives such as bird seed, suet cakes, or fruits.

What are gingerbread houses?

Gingerbread houses are a popular holiday decoration and treat, typically made from a mixture of gingerbread cookies and frosting. The gingerbread itself is made from a combination of flour, sugar, ginger, cinnamon, and other spices. 

The dough is then shaped into various forms, such as walls and roofs, and baked until firm. The baked pieces are then assembled and held together with frosting, often decorated with candy and other sweet treats.

Are gingerbread houses safe to eat

Ingredient of Gingerbread Houses

FlourProvides structure and texture
Brown sugarAdds sweetness and moisture
MolassesAdds color, flavor, and moisture
GingerProvides flavor and spice
CinnamonProvides flavor and spice
ClovesProvides flavor and spice
Baking sodaHelps the dough rise
ButterAdds richness and flavor
EggsProvides structure and moisture
Powdered sugarUsed in icing for decoration
Food coloringUsed for decoration

Ingredients that are harmful to birds

IngredientToxicity to Birds
AvocadoContains a toxin called persin, which can be fatal to birds.
CaffeineCan cause birds to become agitated, restless, and even have seizures.
ChocolateContains the same toxin as onions, and thiosulfate, and can be just as harmful to birds.
OnionsContain a toxin called thiosulfate, which can damage red blood cells in birds and lead to anemia and death.
GarlicContains the same toxin as onions, thiosulfate, and can be just as harmful to birds.
SaltCan cause dehydration and electrolyte imbalance in birds.
FatCan cause weight gain and obesity in birds, which can lead to various health problems.
Fruit pits and apple seedsContain a toxin called cyanide, which can be fatal to birds even in small amounts.
XylitolIs poisonous to birds and can cause a rapid drop in blood sugar, leading to seizures and death.

Safety Measures for Feeding Gingerbread Houses

  • Only use edible materials for your gingerbread house, and avoid non-edible materials such as glue, icing, candy, or other decorations that can be toxic to birds.
  • Check your gingerbread house for sharp edges or pieces that could be a choking hazard for birds.
  • Don’t put out gingerbread houses that have been sitting out for too long as they can become moldy or stale.
  • Monitor birds while they are eating your gingerbread house, and remove it if you see any birds acting sick or unusual.
  • Choose a safe location away from traffic, pets, and other hazards to put out birdseed or suet.
  • Regularly clean your bird feeders to prevent the spread of disease.
  • Don’t put out too much food at once, as it can attract pests and make it difficult for birds to find food.
  • Watch for signs of illness in birds and contact your local wildlife rehabilitator if you see any birds acting sick or unusual.

Alternative food options for birds apart from gingerbread houses

If you’re looking for safe and healthy food options to feed birds, especially injured birds this holiday season, here are some alternatives to gingerbread houses:

Birdseed: You can buy birdseed from a pet store or online. Make sure to choose a high-quality blend that is appropriate for the birds in your area.

Suet cakes: Suet cakes are a great source of energy for birds during the winter months. You can buy pre-made suet cakes or make your own at home using a recipe that is safe for birds.

Fruit: Many birds enjoy eating fruit, such as apples, berries, and grapes. Make sure to cut the fruit into small pieces and remove any seeds or pits.

Nuts: Nuts are a good source of protein and fat for birds. You can buy unsalted nuts from a grocery store or online.

Vegetables: Some birds, such as finches and canaries, enjoy eating vegetables. Try offering carrots, broccoli, or spinach.

Food options for birds

How do I make my own gingerbread houses for birds?

Here is a recipe for making your own gingerbread houses for birds:


  • 1 cup (2 sticks) unsalted butter, softened
  • 1 cup granulated sugar
  • 1/2 cup packed light brown sugar
  • 2 large eggs
  • 2 teaspoons vanilla extract
  • 3 cups all-purpose flour
  • 1 teaspoon baking soda
  • 1 teaspoon ground ginger
  • 1/2 teaspoon ground cinnamon
  • 1/4 teaspoon salt


  1. Preheat oven to 350 degrees F (175 degrees C). Grease and flour a 9×13-inch baking pan.
  2. In a large bowl, cream together the butter, granulated sugar, and brown sugar until light and fluffy. Beat in the eggs one at a time, then stir in the vanilla.
  3. In a separate bowl, whisk together the flour, baking soda, ginger, cinnamon, and salt. Gradually add the dry ingredients to the wet ingredients, mixing until just combined.
  4. Pour the batter into the prepared pan and bake for 25-30 minutes, or until a toothpick inserted into the center comes out clean. Let cool completely.
  5. Once the gingerbread is cool, use a sharp knife to cut it into shapes for your house. You can use a variety of shapes, such as squares, rectangles, triangles, and circles.
  6. Assemble your house by gluing the pieces together with peanut butter. You can also use toothpicks to help hold the pieces in place.
  7. Decorate your house with birdseed, nuts, and other edible items. You can also use edible decorations, such as icing, candy, and sprinkles.
  8. Once your house is decorated, put it in a safe place where birds can find it. You can put it on a bird feeder, a windowsill, or even in a tree.

Here are some additional tips for making gingerbread houses for birds:

  • Use natural peanut butter that does not contain any added sugar or salt.
  • Use birdseed that is specifically designed for birds. This type of birdseed will be more nutritious for the birds and will not contain any harmful ingredients.
  • Avoid using any decorations that are not edible. This includes things like glue, icing, candy, and sprinkles.
  • Put your gingerbread house in a safe place where birds can find it. You can put it on a bird feeder, a windowsill, or even in a tree.


Can crows eat gingerbread?

Yes, crows can eat gingerbread. However, it is not recommended to feed gingerbread to crows or any other animals.

Can animals eat gingerbread?

Some animals may be able to eat gingerbread in small amounts, but it is not recommended as it contains high levels of sugar, fat, and artificial ingredients that can be harmful to their health.

Are gingerbread houses safe to eat?

Gingerbread houses can be safe to eat if they are prepared with edible materials and free of any choking hazards. However, they should be consumed in moderation as they are high in sugar and fat. It is also important to monitor any animals that may consume gingerbread houses for any signs of illness or adverse reactions.


While gingerbread houses may be a fun and festive holiday tradition for humans, they can pose a danger to birds if not prepared and offered properly. As we have seen, the small pieces, sugar and fat content, and artificial colors and flavors in gingerbread houses can be harmful to birds.

By following some simple safety measures and offering healthy food options, we can help keep our feathered friends safe and healthy during the holidays and throughout the year.

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