Do Spiders Eat Hummingbirds?

Hummingbirds are fascinating creatures known for their agility, vibrant colors, and unique feeding behaviors. However, their small size and delicate nature raise the question: do spiders pose a threat to these tiny birds?

In this article, we will explore the relationship between spiders and hummingbirds to better understand if spiders eat hummingbirds and the factors that influence their interaction.

Understanding Spider Diets

Spiders are predators that primarily feed on insects. They have a diverse diet that typically consists of smaller arthropods, such as flies, mosquitoes, beetles, and other small invertebrates. While spiders are skilled hunters, their prey preferences usually align with their size and capabilities.

Spider Species and Size

The vast majority of spider species are significantly smaller than hummingbirds and lack the physical ability to capture and consume them. Most hummingbirds are too large, agile, and fast-moving for spiders to successfully prey upon. Additionally, hummingbirds spend much of their time in the air, making it challenging for spiders to target them.

Habitat and Interaction

Spiders and hummingbirds generally inhabit different ecological niches. Hummingbirds are aerial creatures, primarily found in open spaces, gardens, and forests where they feed on nectar from flowers. On the other hand, spiders typically reside in webs or hidden areas on vegetation, tree trunks, or buildings.

Hummingbird Predators

While spiders may not be a significant threat to hummingbirds, there are other natural predators that pose risks to them. These include larger birds, such as hawks, falcons, and owls, as well as certain mammals like cats and snakes. These predators have the size, strength, and hunting abilities necessary to capture and consume hummingbirds.

Rare Occurrences

Although it is extremely rare, there have been a few documented instances of spiders capturing hummingbirds. These occurrences involve specific spider species that are larger and possess strong webs capable of ensnaring small birds. However, such incidents are highly unusual and should be considered exceptions rather than the norm.

It’s important to note that hummingbirds have evolved various adaptations, including their small size, swift flight, and keen senses, which aid in their evasion of predators. Their ability to hover, change direction rapidly, and reach high speeds makes it challenging for most predators, including spiders, to catch them.


In general, spiders do not pose a significant threat to hummingbirds. Hummingbirds are agile and fast-moving, spending most of their time in flight, which makes them challenging targets for spiders. While rare instances of spiders capturing hummingbirds have been recorded, they are exceptions rather than common occurrences.

Natural predators that are larger and possess the necessary hunting abilities pose more significant risks to hummingbirds. Understanding the ecological dynamics between spiders and hummingbirds helps us appreciate the unique adaptations and behaviors of these remarkable creatures.


1. Can spiders harm hummingbirds in any other way? While spiders are not a direct threat to hummingbirds, their webs may occasionally entangle the birds, causing temporary inconvenience. However, hummingbirds can usually extricate themselves quickly from these situations.

2. How can I protect hummingbirds from predators, including spiders? You can create a safer environment for hummingbirds by placing feeders and plants in open spaces, away from dense vegetation where spiders may build their webs. Regularly inspect the feeding areas to ensure there are no spider webs that could entrap the birds.

3. Are there specific spider species that are known to capture hummingbirds? There are a few spider species, such as the Orb-weaving Spider (Nephila clavipes) and the Gasteracantha cancriformis, that have been observed capturing small birds, including hummingbirds. However, these instances are extremely rare and not representative of the typical interactions between spiders and hummingbirds.

4. Are hummingbirds aware of spider webs and avoid them? Hummingbirds possess keen eyesight and excellent spatial awareness. They can detect spider webs and are generally adept at avoiding them while navigating through their environment.

5. What are some other threats to hummingbirds I should be aware of? Apart from natural predators, threats to hummingbirds include habitat loss, climate change, collisions with windows or buildings, and pesticide use. Creating a safe and favorable environment for hummingbirds can help mitigate these risks.

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